As several of you may already know, GMOs are not organic. However, what is it exactly that makes it so that an organism is considered to be genetically modified? What are the characteristics needed to make it so?
First, there is a need to explain that there is a debate going on about this. Some consider that anything that has been altered from its natural form is automatically considered genetically modified. Others claim that only what has been created in a laboratory falls into that category. This article will explain both of them to you, and you can thereafter form your own opinion.
Lately, and for the last few decades, companies such as Bayer and Monsanto have been investing quite a considerable sum of money to create new forms of plants. This includes, amongst others, tomatoes, corn, soy beans and cotton. They attempt to modify them by inserting genes belonging to other living beings – yes, not just plants; these may come from animals as well – to the existing DNA of the plant. In order to do so, radical techniques are sometimes needed. For soy beans, Monsanto needed to bombard the genes with diseases in order for the change to stick. Therefore, the genetically modified soy bean is contaminated, as well as modified. The purpose? To ensure these plants resist their brand of pesticide and fertilizers. This way, those purchasing their seeds must also use their pesticides and fertilizers, since the plant is genetically programmed to need only that, and also because these products kill every other form of living organism that could find their way anywhere near these crops.
The other form of GMO is the traditional mixing of plants species in order to 'create' a new, stronger, prettier or better tasting one. One way this is done is by grafting them together at the roots. Even though this is much more natural then forcing new genes in a plant, it is still a human intervention and some consider this sort of plant as non-organic. Wheat, for example, is one of the plants that can no longer be found in its original form due to all the tampering humans did to them over the centuries, hence the reason why so many now have gluten allergies or sensibilities.
What do you think?