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How Healthy Is Your Soil?
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How Healthy Is Your Soil?

The 23rd Annual Spring Garden Show at South Coast Plaza presents a seminar on creating sustainable soil so that your plants will grow healthy and be able to produce abundantly. A certified Soil Foodweb Advisor explains the process of creating this "soil food web."

The first step involves using organic soil and organic fertilizer. You can later add compose and mulch to your plant.

Then, you should know the bacteria living in your soil. Fungi, such as mushrooms, are microscopic cells that grow as long threads or strands, creating hyphae. Mycorrhizal fungi form relations with the plant's roots to colonize the root and protect the root surface as well as the root system, in order to give nutrients to the plant. It tends to solubilize phosphorus and give the soil nutrients, such as P, N, and micronutrients to feed the plants. Edno MF is within the roots, and they form an association, while Ecto MF is outside the root cell. Glomalin fungi produces organic sub, which glues soil particles together, creating macro-aggregates. Fungal hyphae binds soil particles to make the stable soil aggregate so that water infiltrates and the soil is able to hold a certain capacity of water. Protozoa are single-celled animals that feed on bacteria, other protozoa, and some fungi. Amoeba, flagellates, and ciliates, all function to minimize nutrients. Nematodes are worms with non-segmented body, and they function to mineralize or release nutrients in plant form. Bacterial and fungal particles are predatory because they release nitrogen in a form of ammonia. Arthropods are insects that shred organic material for microbial activity in order to mix aerobic and anaerobic soil. Therefore, the organisms' job is to make the soil structure healthy by providing nutrients, making sure the soil is retaining water, suppressing anaerobes, and creating healthy plants.

So, what is harmful to the soil? Toxins and contaminated products as GMOs and chemicals, compact anaerobic, and the continuation to create more tillage should therefore be avoided.

She advises that the best way to fix your soil involves feeding your soil with healthy materials, which include soil food web organisms, compost, compost tea, and compost extract. She compares healthy soil to a chocolate bar to explain the degree of healthy soil with rich chocolate. Seventy percent of a cocoa chocolate bar has fifty percent moisture, which gives it the rich dark brown color. But black compost is not good, and therefore must be avoided. It also has a strong and distinct odor. Compost tea involves brewing compost in water. Then, drench soil by feeding it with Foliar Spray. When using animal manure compost, the nutrients must be fully composted. Now, you are ready to add the final touches, the GrowBetter Organic Fertilizer and some mulch.

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